When charged with a Title IX Sex Offense you need a trusted defender to safeguard your or your child's future

Navigate your College or Graduate School Disciplinary System With A Lawyer Who Has 25+ Years of Experience Fighting for Students’ Rights

When a student is accused of a Title IX violation, life as you know it is at risk - your education, scholarships, career opportunities and more. Because the consequences are so serious and potentially life changing, a student must have solid legal guidance throughout the investigative and hearing process.

Call me to discuss your situation and determine if I can help you

Scott J. Limmer

How I can help if you are accused of a Title IX Violation

If a student is charged with a Title IX violation by their school, they are most likely facing suspension or expulsion and possibly a mark on their transcript. This allegation and process must be met with an experienced advocate by your side. When retained, I move quickly to stop the student from speaking to the school, assess the case and plan a strategy.

Title IX Sexual Assault: Defending Against Complaints

Under Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 and its subsequent interpretations by the Department of Education’s Office of Civil Rights, allegations of sexual assault on college campuses are treated very seriously. Since 2011, the burden of proof that is required to prove that a sexual assault is much lower than it is in a criminal court setting, making it very easy for those accused to be convicted. It is important for people who are facing such accusations to understand what is considered to be a sexual assault on college campuses, how schools approach these cases and how the process works.

What Is Sexual Assault on a College Campus?

Sexual assault on college campuses is defined broadly to include a wide range of sexual acts. It includes unwanted sexual touching, fondling, sodomy, attempted rape, forcible oral sexual contact and others. The acts must not be consensual, but defining consent can be problematic. If an alleged victim is coerced or manipulated into engaging in sexual activity, the person who manipulated or coerced the alleged victim may be accused of campus sexual assault.

How the Dear Colleague Letter Changed the Rules Under Title IX

On April 4, 2011, the Office for Civil Rights issued the “Dear Colleague” letter, which changed the rules under Title IX regarding how schools handle sexual assault allegations on college campuses. The letter includes directives to schools about the steps that the schools must take when they receive reports of sexual harassment or sexual violence.

Schools are required to immediately investigate the allegations and to take steps to end any sexual violence or harassment that may have occurred and to prevent it from happening again. Schools are also required to protect the alleged victims, and they must have grievance procedures in place so students can make complaints about alleged sexual violence or harassment.

One of the more troubling aspects of the grievance procedure is that schools are only supposed to use the lowest burden of proof possible. This means that the complaint must only be proven by a preponderance of the evidence to convict a defendant, which is much lower than the burden of proof that is required in criminal courts. In criminal courts, sexual assault allegations must be proven beyond a reasonable doubt before defendants can be convicted.

Also unlike criminal courts, colleges must allow accusers to appeal findings of not guilty, and the adjudication hearing is expedited and must be held within 60 days. The OCR also strongly discourages the ability of the accused to cross-examine the accuser, making it significantly more likely that innocent people will be convicted.

Prior to this letter, schools applied a higher burden of proof which was “by clear and convincing evidence” in their hearings about on-campus sexual assaults, and the adjudication hearings were not expedited. The accusers also could not appeal not guilty findings. The Department of Education failed to explain the legal basis it relied on to make these changes that negatively impact the due process rights of students who are accused.

Understand The Consequences

When accused of violating a school disciplinary code, there is far more at stake than is often first realized. Possible outcomes include suspension and even expulsion. Your child’s record may have a permanent notation when it’s sent on to graduate schools or potential employers. Your child could lose financial aid, scholarships, and even on-campus housing.

Call us for a no-obligation consultation

Affirmative Consent Laws

The affirmative consent laws vary from state to state, but there has been a push to pass legislation in the states requiring people to get verbal, affirmative consent from each other before engaging in sexual activity. On Sept. 28, 2014, California’s affirmative consent law was signed by Gov. Jerry Brown, setting a model for other states to follow. This law mandates that students must get both explicit and verifiable consent prior to engaging in sexual activity. They must also get continuing consent from their partners, and the law makes it unclear how often the parties must check with each other to see if they have the consent to continue.

Critics of the law have rightly pointed out that it threatens students’ due process rights. Since then, numerous states have been considering their own affirmative consent laws, and similar policies have been enacted by numerous campuses across the U.S. The push at schools nationwide is called the “Yes means Yes” initiative, and it continues to grow.

How the Process Works

Every school has a different procedure but most use a variation of the following. When a complaint of sexual harassment or assault is filed, the school immediately begins an investigation. The accused party is not given any chance to discuss the case or to mediate it with the other party. They must go to a hearing that is called an adjudication. The process is expedited, and the hearing is scheduled within 60 days of the complaint. During the investigative process, the school must take steps to protect the accuser and to take action to prevent further sexual assaults or harassment from happening. Both parties are allowed to call witnesses at the hearing, but cross-examination of the accuser is discouraged.

It is very easy for accused students to be convicted because of the low burden of proof that is required. If they are found to be not guilty, their accusers are allowed to appeal. Students who are convicted of the offense may be expelled from school and have permanent marks on their academic records that can follow them for life, regardless of whether or not they are criminally prosecuted and convicted. Because of the dangers to students who are accused of campus sexual assault and the high risk of conviction, it is important for students to seek help from an attorney who is experienced with defending against Title IX allegations against students.

Experienced Representation In All College Disciplinary Matters

Call Now To Speak With Me Immediately

Past Client Testimonials

Past Client Testimonials

I am a student who was falsely accused of a Title IX offense. At first, I thought I could handle the school’s procedures by myself without an attorney, but things started getting complicated. At that point, I knew I needed professional help. Even though I was falsely accused, the procedure needs an expert to navigate through the school’s rules. Scott has confidence due to his experience in Title IX cases in other universities who all have different rules and procedures regarding Title IX.  Scott was always available to answer my calls and text messages. He gave 110% into my preparation and defense hearing, and met with me several times to go over any questions and concerns my family and I had. He would listen to everyone’s thoughts and told us the right way to go about my case. As a student, I would highly recommend Scott for representation in any kind of defense and/or Title IX cases.


Mr. Limmer was very professional, knowledgeable and reassuring during a very unsettling time for my son (and family). Scott has experience in dealing with college based disciplinary claims and was very available to both my son and myself to offer practical, wise advice. He was easy and very 'real' to talk to, helping my son get the best outcome from a difficult situation. We appreciated his help and would recommend him without hesitation.


Our son was falsely accused of Title IX violations at college. His future was at stake. We knew we needed to hire the right lawyer to defend him. We hired Scott and not only did he defend and advise him, but we won the case and all charges were dropped! The cost of hiring him was an excellent investment. Scott was honest, professional, extremely knowledgeable and the right man for the job. He made my son comfortable throughout the terrifying experience. Highly recommend him.


I worked with Mr. Limmer on a school title ix hearing case. The chances of winning these cases is very slim because of preponderance of evidence, which makes it impossible for the defendant to prove themselves. Mr. Limmer stood by me throughout the process and guided me at each step on how to go through the process and prepare a solid defense. We worked on it together and result was ruled in our favor. He's really experienced in this area and knows long island schools well

A Parent’s Guide to College Discipline and Title IX Cases

A Parent’s Guide to College Discipline and Title IX Cases

You’ll come away from this read with confidence that you understand how disciplinary committees work. You’ll learn how school and government policies have evolved over the past decade to impact how these cases are handled.